Cross Border Mergers - GPO7
September 2013 - Version 3.6
as modified by the Companies Act 2006
Is this guidance for you?
This guide will be relevant to you if:
This guide answers many frequently asked questions and provides information on completing the most commonly used filings relating to this area. The guide is NOT drafted with unusual or complex transactions in mind. Specialist professional advice may be needed in those circumstances.
This is a guide only and should be read with the relevant legislation, the Companies (Cross-Border Mergers) Regulations 2007/2974.
This guidance only refers to the procedures that need to be completed in relation to the Registrar of Companies at Companies House. It does not cover other requirements as set out in the relevant legislation (which includes contact with the court and other internal obligations that a company will need to carry out). We recommend seeking advice from a solicitor when considering a cross-border merger.
You can find more detailed guidance on the cross-border merger regulations in this BIS guidance note.
1. What is a cross-border merger?
The Companies (Cross-Border Mergers) Regulations 2007/2974 implement the European Directive on Cross-Border Mergers of Limited Liability Companies (Directive 2005/56/EC). This makes it possible for a transferor company to transfer assets and liabilities to a transferee company, without the transferor company needing to go into liquidation. The merger must involve at least one company formed and registered in the UK and at least one company formed and registered in an EEA state other than the UK.
It is also possible for a limited liability partnership (LLP) to carry out a cross border merger. The relevant legislation is part 10 of The Limited Liability Partnerships (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2009. This legislation applies certain modifications to The Companies (Cross-Border Mergers) Regulations 2007, to take into account the different structure of an LLP and a company. The information in this guidance booklet can be read as if it were applied to both companies and LLPs.
2. What is a transferor and a transferee company?
Transferee company - this is the company to which assets and liabilities are to be transferred. This is the remaining company once the merger is complete.
3. What are the different types of merger?
1. What are the pre-merger requirements?
A UK merging company should apply to the court (in the UK this will be the High Court or the Court of Session) for an order certifying that the company has properly completed the pre-merger acts and formalities for the cross-border merger. The court may also, at the request of a creditor or member of a UK merging company, require the UK company to seek the approval of creditors or members to the terms of the merger. There are also obligations to inform employees of the details of the merger.
Other requirements may apply depending on the type of merger taking place.
2. What needs to be delivered to Companies House?
The directors of a UK merging company must deliver to the Registrar:
These documents must be delivered to the Registrar at least 2 months before the first meeting of the members (for England and Wales the Cardiff office; for Scotland the Edinburgh office; for Northern Ireland the Belfast office).
3. What information is needed on the cross-border mergers form?
The cross-border merger form asks for a number of details which will have to be completed for each merging company. These are:
4. What do I need to do if I want to publish draft terms of merger on a website?
In order to publish draft terms of merger on a website the following conditions must be met:
5. Is there a fee for filing the cross-border mergers form?
There is no fee payable for registration of this form.
6. In which language does the form need to be filed?
The form must be completed in English
7. Where can I obtain a cross-border mergers form?
8. What happens to the documents sent to the Registrar?
The Registrar will publish notice of the receipt of the documents in the London Gazette at least one month before the date of any meeting of the company summoned for the purpose of approving the scheme and make the documents available to the public on the companies register.
9. How is the merger approved?
Once a pre-merger certificate has been issued a joint application should be made to the 'competent authority' in the jurisdiction of the transferee. If the company resulting from the merger is a UK company this will be the High Court or the Court of Session. Where a UK court makes an order, the UK transferee company and every UK transferor company must send to Companies House:
If the company resulting from the merger is in another EEA state, an order is made by the relevant competent authority to approve the completion of the merger. Every transferor company which is a UK company must deliver to Companies House:
10. What will Companies House do when it receives an order approving a merger?
When Companies House receives a court order from the High Court or the Court of Session approving a cross-border merger, it will:
When Companies House receives notice from the registry of another EEA state of an order approving the completion of a cross-border merger, it will:
11. Further guidance
Our staff are happy to give you guidance on general matters, such as the completion of the statutory forms. We are unable to advise on the suitability of a cross-border merger for your company.
1. How do I send information to Companies House?
You may deliver documents to the Registrar by hand (personally or by courier), including outside office hours, bank holidays and weekends to Cardiff, London, Belfast and Edinburgh.
You may also send documents by post, by the Document Exchange service (DX) or by Legal Post (LP) in Scotland. If you send documents, please address them to:
If you are sending documents by post, courier or Document Exchange (DX) and would like a receipt, Companies House will provide an acknowledgement if you enclose a copy of your covering letter with a pre-paid addressed return envelope. We will barcode your copy letter with the date of receipt and return it to you in the envelope provided.
Please note: An acknowledgement of receipt does not mean that a document has been accepted for registration at Companies House.
Please note: Companies House does not accept any statutory documents by fax, PDF (except for electronically filed certified copies of charge instruments) or by email.